The Most Used Russian Words


The Most Used Russian Words
This lesson will introduce the most used words in Russian in the order that they are most used. This lesson is a vocabulary lesson to help you learn a number of Russian words that you will use almost every day while you are in Russia. Many of these words you will already know from previous lessons. Visit the vocabulary page to see the words in list form.

The examples included in this lesson are quite advanced. You will not understand all of the grammar, there are some concepts that you have not been taught. The main thing is to learn the 100 words in this lesson. From this lesson and onwards we will use more complex examples to help you passively learn more Russian vocabulary. You are not expected to memorise all the new Russian words.

1: И – And
Russian’s most used word is ‘и’ (and). ‘И’ is preceded by comma when it is used as a conjuction to join phrases with different subjects. Here are some examples of it in use.

Кофе с молоком и с сахаром Coffee with milk and sugar.
Московский Кремль и Красная площадь The Moscow Kremlin and Red Square.
Она соединяет Москву и Владивосток It connects Moscow and Vladivostok.
Берите бумагу и пишите. Take some paper and write.
Дети сели на ковер и начали играть. The children sat down on the carpet and began playing.
Он прыгнул в реку и быстро поплыл к острову. He jumped into the river and quickly swam to the island.
Все пели и танцевали. Everyone was singing and dancing.
Озера и горы Шотландии очень красивые. The lakes and mountains of Scotland are very beautiful.
Она подошла к доске, взяла мел и начала писать на доске. She went up to the blackboard, took the chalk and began writing on the blackboard.
When it is used like “и … и” it can mean “both … and”.

Она и красива и умна. She’s both beautiful and clever.
2: В (Во) – In, into, to
‘В’ means ‘in’ when followed by the prepositional case. Refer to lesson 8 for more information). ‘В’ is pronounced as though it is part of the following word. Sometimes this is difficult to say so ‘Во’ is used instead. ‘Во’ usually proceeds words that start with ‘в’ or a group consonants that are difficult to pronounce.

Я живу в Москве. I live in Moscow.
Я работаю в школе. I work at (in) a school.
Вчера мы были в театре. Yesterday we were at the theatre.
Мы собрали в лесу много грибов. We gathered many mushrooms in the forest.
Он прилетел в Лондон сегодня утром. He arrived in London this morning.
В городе было очень жарко и мы решили поехать за город. In town it was very hot, we decided to go to the country.
Позавчера мы были в парке. The day before yesterday we were in the park.


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