Therefore I reverse engineered two apps that are dating.

Therefore I reverse engineered two apps that are dating.

Photo and movie drip through misconfigured S3 buckets

Typically for images or any other asserts, some form of Access Control List (ACL) will be set up. A common way of implementing ACL would be for assets such as profile pictures

One of the keys would act as a “password” to gain access to the file, therefore the password would simply be offered users who require use of the image. When it comes to a dating application, it is whoever the profile is presented to.

We have identified several misconfigured buckets that are s3 The League throughout the research. All images and videos are unintentionally made general general general public, with metadata such as which user uploaded them so when. Typically the software would obtain the pictures through Cloudfront, a CDN on top regarding the buckets that are s3. Unfortunately the underlying S3 buckets are severely misconfigured.

Side note: as much as i can inform, the profile UUID is arbitrarily created server-side if the profile is made. Making sure that right part is not likely to be really easy to imagine. The filename is managed because of the customer; any filename is accepted by the server. In your client app its hardcoded to upload.jpg .

The vendor has since disabled listObjects that are public. Nevertheless, we nevertheless think there must be some randomness into the key. A timestamp cannot act as key.

internet protocol address doxing through website link previews

Link preview is something that is difficult to get appropriate in a complete great deal of messaging apps. You will find typically three techniques for website website link previews:

The League makes use of recipient-side website link previews. Whenever an email includes a hyperlink to a outside image, the web link is fetched on user’s unit as soon as the message is seen. This might efficiently enable a malicious transmitter to submit an external image URL pointing to an attacker managed server, obtaining recipient’s internet protocol address if the message is exposed.

A far better solution could be in order to connect the image within the message if it is delivered (sender-side preview), or have actually the server fetch the image and place it into the message (server-side preview). Server-side previews enables anti-abuse scanning that is additional. It might be an improved choice, but nonetheless maybe maybe perhaps perhaps not bulletproof.

Zero-click session hijacking through talk

The software will often connect the authorization header to demands which do not need verification, such as for example Cloudfront GET demands. It will likewise happily hand out the bearer token in requests to outside domain names in some instances.

One particular situations may be the outside image website link in chat messages. We already know just the software makes use of recipient-side link previews, and also the demand to your outside resource is performed in recipient’s context. The authorization header is roofed into the GET demand towards the image that is external. Therefore the bearer token gets leaked towards the outside domain. Each tagged com time a sender that is malicious a graphic website link pointing to an attacker managed host, not merely do they get recipient’s internet protocol address, nonetheless they additionally obtain victim’s session token. This might be a vulnerability that is critical it enables session hijacking.

Keep in mind that unlike phishing, this assault will not need the victim to click the website link. Once the message containing the image website link is viewed, the software immediately leaks the session token towards the attacker.

It appears to become a bug linked to the reuse of a okHttp client object that is global. It might be most useful if the designers ensure the software just attaches authorization bearer header in demands into the League API.


I didn't find any vulnerabilities that are particularly interesting CMB, but that will not suggest CMB is much more safe as compared to League. (See Limitations and future research). I did so find a few safety problems into the League, none of that have been specially hard to find out or exploit. I suppose it is actually the mistakes that are common make repeatedly. OWASP top anybody?

As customers we must be careful with which companies we trust with your information.

Vendor’s reaction

I did so get a response that is prompt The League after delivering them a message alerting them of this findings. The bucket that is s3 had been swiftly fixed. One other vulnerabilities had been patched or at the very least mitigated within a couple of weeks.

I do believe startups could definitely provide bug bounties. It really is a gesture that is nice and much more significantly, platforms like HackerOne offer scientists an appropriate road to the disclosure of weaknesses. Regrettably neither regarding the two apps within the post has program that is such.

Restrictions and future research

This scientific studies are maybe maybe perhaps not comprehensive, and really should never be viewed as a protection audit. Almost all of the tests on this page had been done regarding the community IO degree, and hardly any from the customer it self. Particularly, we did not test for remote rule execution or buffer type that is overflow. In the future research, we're able to look more in to the safety for the customer applications.

This might be finished with powerful analysis, utilizing techniques such as for example:

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